Macquarie

Macquarie
I.
/məˈkwɒri/ (say muh'kworee)

noun
1. Elizabeth Henrietta (born Elizabeth Henrietta Campbell), 1778–1835, Scottish wife of Lachlan; her given and maiden names feature in many Australian geographical landmarks.
2. Lachlan, 1762–1824, Scottish soldier and governor of NSW 1810–21; his term of office notable for his encouragement of public works programs, further inland exploration, and creation of new towns as well as humanitarian policies towards convicts.
After a military career of more than 30 years, much of it in India, Lachlan Macquarie arrived in NSW as the colony's first military governor. He was able to draw on his experience as a staff officer in the raising and organising of colonial revenue; measures in this area included the introduction of coinage (1813) and the establishment of the colony's first bank (1817). Macquarie encouraged exploration to expand the pastoral land available and was responsible for a program of public works that included new barracks, roads, bridges, a hospital and five planned towns built out of reach of floodwaters along the Hawkesbury River. During his governorship the population grew from 11 590 to 38 778; sheep multiplied from 26 000 to 290 000; and cattle from 12 500 to 103 000; and the land under tillage increased from 3000 to 13 000 ha. The feature of his administration that Macquarie regarded as most meritorious was his emancipist policy. He insisted that on the expiry or remission of their sentences convicts, provided they were well behaved, should enjoy all the rights of free men. This policy led to divisions in society and united Macquarie's opponents in both Sydney and London. Complaints to England resulted in the dispatch to NSW in 1819 of JT Bigge to inquire into the affairs of the colony. Bigge's report was critical of Macquarie, in particular his spending on public works. Macquarie's resignation was accepted in 1821 and in 1822 he sailed for England, where he battled to gain a pension and defend himself against the claims in Bigge's report.
II.
/məˈkwɒri/ (say muh'kworee)

noun
Lake, a coastal lake extending from 90 km north of Sydney to the Newcastle urban area; its surrounding townships form the city of Lake Macquarie; popular tourist area.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Macquarie — ist der Familienname von: Lachlan Macquarie (1762–1824), Gouverneur der damaligen Kolonie New South Wales in Australien Elizabeth Macquarie (1778–1835), zweite Frau des Gouverneurs Macquarie (nach Lachlan Macquarie) heißen: Macquarie (Australian… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Macquarie — may refer to:* Division of Macquarie , an electoral district in the Australian House of Representatives in New South Wales * Macquarie, Australian Capital Territory, a suburb of Canberra, Australia * Macquarie Group, an Australian company,… …   Wikipedia

  • Macquarie — Macquarie, 1) (M. River), Fluß in der englischen Colonie Neu Süd Wales (Australien), nimmt die Gewässer der Bathurst Ebene auf u. fällt in den Darling; 2) Grafschaft im nördlichen Theile von Neu Süd Wales; 3) Hauptort darin; 4) Meerbusen an der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Macquarie — (spr. mǟckwórrĭ), 1) brit. Insel im südwestlichen Teil des Stillen Ozeans, unter 54°44 südl. Br. und 159°49 östl. L., zu Tasmania gehörig, 440 qkm groß, mit 500 m hohen kahlen Bergen, unbewohnt, aber reich an Robben. Von den benachbarten kleinen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Macquarie — (spr. mäckwórrĭ) oder Wambul, Fluß in Neusüdwales, entsteht aus den von den Blauen Bergen kommenden Flüssen Campbell und Fish River, verliert sich in einer Sumpfebene …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Macquarie — [mə kwôr′ē, məkwär′ē] river in SE Australia, flowing northwest into the Darling: c. 600 mi (966 km) …   English World dictionary

  • Macquarie — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Toponymes 2 Hydronymes 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Macquarie — Original name in latin Macquarie Name in other language State code AU Continent/City Australia/Sydney longitude 35.25126 latitude 149.06362 altitude 618 Population 2385 Date 2010 03 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Macquarie — geographical name river 590 miles (949 kilometers) SE Australia in E central New South Wales flowing NNW to Darling River …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Macquarie — /meuh kwawr ee, kwor ee/, n. a river in SE Australia, in New South Wales, flowing NW to the Darling River. 750 mi. (1210 km) long. * * * …   Universalium

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